Additional Resources: Equitable Trade
Section 1: Organizations
The eight Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) - which range from halving extreme poverty to halting the spread of HIV/AIDS and providing universal primary education, all by the target date of 2015 - form a blueprint agreed to by all the world's countries and all the world's leading development institutions. They have galvanized unprecedented efforts to meet the needs of the world's poorest.
Commissioned by the UN Secretary General and supported by the UN Development Group, the Millennium Project was set up to develop a concrete action plan for the world to reverse the grinding poverty, hunger and disease affecting billions of people. Headed by Professor Jeffrey Sachs, the Millennium Project is an independent advisory body and presented its final recommendations, Investing in Development: A Practical Plan to Achieve the Millennium Development Goals to the Secretary-General in January 2005. The Millennium Project has been asked to continue operating in an advisory capacity through the end of 2006.
Alliance2015 is a partnership of six like-minded non-government organizations working in the field of development cooperation. The purpose of the Alliance is to fight poverty more effectively by cooperating on various levels, working together in developing countries as well as on campaigns to influence public and political opinion in Europe. Alliance2015 seeks the full achievement of the Millennium Development Goals.
The Global Fairness Initiative seeks a more equitable, sustainable approach to globalization: One that expands the reach of its benefits and opportunities while mitigating its human, economic and environmental costs. GFI's mission is to promote change in existing trade and development models by supporting innovative initiatives that demonstrate the viability and widespread value of fair trade and investment standards.
The International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development (ICTSD) was established in Geneva in September 1996 to contribute to a better understanding of development and environment concerns in the context of international trade. As an independent non-profit and non-governmental organisation, ICTSD engages a broad range of actors in ongoing dialogue about trade and sustainable development.
The Social Science Research Council is an independent, not-for-profit research organization founded in 1923. Based in New York City, it mobilizes researchers, policy makers, professionals, activists, and other experts from the private and public sectors to develop innovative approaches to issues of critical social importance. The SSRC has served for the past year as Secretariat for the International Forum for Development (IFD).
IATP works with organizations around the world to analyze how global trade agreements impact domestic farm and food policies. Alongside a global coalition, IATP advocates for fair trade policies that promote strong health standards, labor and human rights, the environment and, most fundamentally, democratic institutions.
The Doha round of World Trade Organizaton (WTO) negotiations began in November 2001. This third round, or ministerial conference, took place in Doha, Qatar. The purpose was to agree on the Doha Development Agenda, and from there negotiate opening agricultural and manufacturing markets. The intent of the round, according to its proponents, was to make trade rules fairer for developing countries.
3D is a Swiss not-for-profit non-governmental organization whose members are individuals actively engaged in favour of human rights, sustainable development and the promotion of an equitable economy. 3D's overall goal is to promote an equitable economy in which all people can enjoy their human rights. 3D believes that the human rights framework provides strong tools for ensuring a more equitable economy.
Section 2: Reports
World trade could be a powerful motor to reduce poverty, and support economic growth, but that potential is being lost. The problem is not that international trade is inherently opposed to the needs and interests of the poor, but that the rules that govern it are rigged in favour of the rich...
To coincide with a World Trade Organization Public Symposium in May 2004, Realizing Rights and 3D published a joint Policy Brief entitled "US and EU cotton production and export policies and their impact on West and Central Africa: Coming to grips with international human rights obligations".
The development focus of the Doha Round emerged from a renewed spirit of collective responsibility for the challenges faced by poor countries, and also as a response to the perceived inequities generated by previous rounds of trade negotiations. Unfortunately, in the years since it was launched, the Doha Round has not delivered on the issues of interest to developing countries (especially agriculture, labor mobility, and labor-intensive manufactures and services). This report, by Joseph Stiglitz and Andrew Charlton prepared for the Commonwealth Secretariat, presents an alternative way forward for the Doha Round based on social justice and economic analysis.
Section 3: Books
Trade has enormous potential to contribute to human development. Nevertheless, the current system has fallen far short of expectations thus far and its many inequities are at the core of continuing controversies surrounding economic globalization. Making Global Trade Work for People, a ground-breaking book co-sponsored by the United Nations Development Programme, Rockefeller Brothers Fund, Heinrich Boell Foundation, Rockefeller Foundation, and Wallace Global Fund, presents a far-reaching reassessment of the current multilateral trade regime and examines how it can be improved in order to contribute genuinely to human development.